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06/11/2015 - Estimated costs of Unfair Trading Practices in the EU Food Supply Chain

Last year Bob Young was asked by the Fairtrade Alliance to estimate the cost of Unfair Trading Practices across the EU food supply chain, using two sizeable surveys conducted by an independent agency. His estimates are now to be used in further discussions within the European Commission so we publish Bob's paper here.

23/09/2015 - Costs to Investors of Boycotting Fossil Fuels

The international committee of the Independent Petroleum Association of America, which includes a number of U.S.-based companies with significant operations in the UK and other foreign jurisdictions commissioned Europe Economics to estimate how much investors in the UK would stand to lose by fossil-fuel divestment. The attached file presents our findings.

22/09/2015 - Dominant Positions in National Railway Transport Services Markets

The Dutch Authority for Consumers and Markets (ACM) has published Europe Economics’ study on dominant positions in national railway transport services markets, as part of its external consultation on Dutch rail. The research provides evidence to be used by ACM in identifying possible relevant markets and the competitive conditions in these markets. The study used conjoint analysis to estimate the sensitivity of train passengers to changes in the price and quality of services. The estimates were then used to assess the profitability of passenger operators when prices are potentially increased by a “small” amount (following the concept of a SSNIP test for defining markets). The results of the study show evidence of instances where passenger operators may have a dominant position. The research also shows situations where freight operators have a dominant position, especially in those market segments where freight transport by road and inland waterway are not perceived as alternatives to rail.

15/07/2015 - Access to Patented Medicines in the EU - A report for MSD

Europe Economics has published a new study of the EU market for patented medicines. Serious problems are identified for patients in lower income countries, resulting from the combination of External Reference Pricing and parallel trade. You can view the annexes to this report here, and a discussion paper on the case for transparency in pricing here.

03/06/2015 - Valuing the Impact of Mergers and Identifying Undertakings in Lieu - A report for Ofwat

Europe Economics was commissioned by Ofwat to develop methodologies for valuing the impact of mergers in the water sector and identifying potential remedies, where these would be appropriate. The report focussed on approaches to estimating the potential impact of a merger on Ofwat’s ability to carry out comparative regulation, including the effect on Ofwat’s econometric models for wholesale costs. The study also considered approaches to assessing the potential benefits of a merger, and the impacts of any undertakings in lieu of a CMA reference that merging parties may wish to offer in the future under the forthcoming merger regime.