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Wednesday, March 28th, 2018

23/03/2018 - Economistjob: Plastic litter in the UK – any solutions?
posted by Europe Economics

Empty plastic bottles on the streets and plastic litter debris in the wider environment are an unfortunate persistent problem of our days. While much is done in the UK to tackle plastic litter through household waste collection and recycling, and special waste collection programmes for businesses, plastic litter is still an issue.
 
In the UK, plastic beverage containers constitute 2 per cent of litter in terms of item count according to INCPEN, however, as noted by the CPRE, they occupy a much more significant volume compared to small litter items such as cigarette butts and gum stains. Similarly, in the marine environment plastic rubbish and microplastic fibre is a widespread pollutant in the North Sea. In the onshore areas plastic litter comprises about 10 per cent of all litter items found on the UK beaches and in the Thames river area.
 
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10:31 AM | Permalink

20/02/2018 - Economistjob: The Rise of Telemedicine
posted by Europe Economics

In a previous blog we discussed the pros and cons of remote working.[1] But what about being on the receiving end of a remote service, such as healthcare? Telemedicine is the remote provision of healthcare services using information and communication technologies such as telephone and video, diagnostic and monitoring equipment, and even robotics. It is by no means a new concept, but the pace of technological change and patients’ increasing demand for rapid, self-directed consumption is bringing telemedicine into mainstream healthcare.

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10:28 AM | Permalink

Monday, December 11th, 2017

11/12/2017 - Economistjob: Behavioural Economics: Nudging its way in consumer policy
posted by Europe Economics

 This year’s surprise winner of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences is Richard Thaler, a prominent behavioural economists. The surprise factor does not come from a lack of prolific and ingenious academic life, rather from the nature of the field of research that Prof Thaler revolutionised. Not many behavioural economists have won the highest honour in the discipline, despite it having gained an established place not only within academia, but also within government departments around the world. After all, behavioural theories challenge some of the credos of mainstream economics, such as consumers granted with perfect information and possessing perfect rationality. Behavioural economists seek to uncover consistent cognitive and behavioural biases in human and to incorporate those into more realistic representations of the world.

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05:24 PM | Permalink

Monday, November 27th, 2017

16/11/2017 - Economistjobs: Regional Economic Performance for a selected sample of EU countries.
posted by Dr Stefano Ficco

 1.1      Introduction
GDP per capita is a commonly used measure of the affluence of a country. However, it is a coarse-grained aggregate measure (it is simply the value of goods and services produced within a country divided by the population of that country) which does not provide information on how income is distributed across the different regions of a country.  By considering, instead, regional GDP per capita we can obtain a more fine-grained picture of the geographic distribution of income within countries.  For example, we can gain insights into:
 
The proportion of a country’s population that lives in regions with a GDP per capital level higher or lower than a given threshold.
The degree of geographic inequality within a country.
Much popular discussion of inequality focuses upon differences in income across a country as a whole. Such discussions run the risk of conflating differences between high-income and low income groups within a region with differences in the incomes of regions as whole (whereby both richer and poorer citizens within one region might have materially lower incomes than those in other regions).
 
At the other end of the spectrum, when regional analysis is conducted, it is often done at a fairly crude level of considering only the incomes of richer and poorer regions but without considering what proportion of the total population lives in those regions.
 
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05:01 PM | Permalink

31/10/2017 - EconomistJobs blog:Trade in value added: how Global Value Chains affect competitiveness
posted by Simona Castellini

 1.1  Measuring external competitiveness
The issue of external competitiveness has always been an important topic in the economic and political discourse of the European Union.[1] In this respect, in 2010 the European Commission launched the Europe 2020 strategy aiming at transforming the EU into “a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy, delivering high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion.” Similar to the Lisbon Strategy which ended in 2010, the Europe 2020 strategy is driven by international competitiveness concerns and the promotion of productivity, growth and sustainability.
 
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04:41 PM | Permalink